Algesi Words: “cardialgia” to “myalgia”,
Part 2 of 3.
algesi-, alge-, alges-, algesio-, algo-, alg-, algio-, -algesia,
-algesic, -algetic, -algic, -algia, -algy
(Greek: pain, sense of pain; painful; hurting).
Used actively in medical terminology to denote “a condition of sensitivity to pain” as specified by the combining root.
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1. An uneasy or painful sensation in the anterior (front) chest or upper abdomen; heartburn; cardiodynia.
2. An obsolete term for pyrosis.
3. Pain in the chest in the region of the heart.
1. Persistent severe burning sensations, usually following partial injury of a peripheral nerve (especially median and tibial) or the brachial plexus, accompanied by trophic changes.
2. Sensation of burning pain in the distribution of a peripheral nerve, associated with glossy skin devoid of hair or wrinkles. Other associated changes include swelling, redness, sweating, and curling of the nails. Causalgia is usually due to irritation of a nerve by injury; the median or sciatic nerves are most commonly involved.
Rarely used term for pain in the abdominal muscles.
A pain in the lip.
Pain and paresthesia in the hand and arm; considered obsolete.
Pain in a hand or in both hands.
Pain in a cartilage.
Pain in a muscle when it is brought into action.
Pain in the clitoris.
Pain in part of the spine. Also, coccygodynia.
Pain in the colon.
Pain in the ribs.
1. Pain in the hip .
2. Hip-joint disease.
Pain caused by cold; also, crymodynia.
Pain in a bladder, especially the urinary bladder.
Pain in a lacrimal gland.
Pain in the fingers. Also, dactylodynia.
Dentinal sensitivity or pain. Dentin is the hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum of the root.
Localized pain, usually confined to the skin; also, dermatodynia.
A rarely used term for a pain in the diaphragm.
Pain in the upper back. Also, dorsodynia.
Analgesia induced by using an electric current.
Severe abdominal pain accompanying spasm of the bowel; also, enterdynia, enterodynia.
Pain and soreness from overuse or unaccustomed use of a part, as a joint or muscle.
Pain in an epicondyle of the humerus or in the tendons or muscles originating therefrom.
Pain in the epigastric region.
Painful redness of the skin; also, erythromelalgia.
1. Throbbing and burning pain in the skin often brought about by exertion or heat, affecting the hands and feet, accompanied by a mottled redness of the parts with increased skin temperature.
2. A rare disorder of middle age, characterized by paroxysmal attacks of severe burning pain, reddening, hyperalgesia and sweating, involving one or more extremities, usually both feet; the attacks can be triggered by heat, and are usually relieved by cold and limb elevation.
A disorder similar to erythromelalgia, but with the pain and redness occurring in the face.
A rarely used term for pain in the esophagus. Also, esophagodynia
Pain caused by elimination of large and hard fecal masses.
Stomach ache; neuralgia of the stomach.
Pain in the tongue; neuralgia of the tongue.
Pain in the knee.
1. Pain or an extremely disagreeable sensation caused by the merest touch.
2. Pain felt by the mere touching of something or by being touched lightly.
Pain affecting one entire half of the body.
Analgesia affecting one side of the body.
The unilateral headache characteristic of typical migraine; also, hemicrania.
Hypalgesia affecting one side of the body.
Pain in one eye, usually accompanied by hemicrania.
Pain caused by moisture or humid weather.
Decreased sensibility to pain; also, hypalgia, hypoalgesia.
Relating to hypalgesia; having diminished sensitiveness to pain.
Decreased sensibility to pain.
Extreme sensitiveness to pain.
Extreme sensitiveness to painful stimuli; also, hyperalgia.
Relating to hyperalgesia.
1. Extreme pain caused by cold.
2. An increased feeling of pain when exposed to cold.
Extreme sensitiveness to heat; thermalgia.
Pain occurring during sleep; also known as dream pain.
A decreased sensitivity to pain.
A decreased feeling of pain when exposed to cold.
Pain in the uterus; also, hysterodynia, metrodynia; neuralgia of the uterus.
Pain in the groin; also, inguinodynia.
Pain between the ribs.
1. Pain in the hip; specifically, the ischium; also, ischiodynia.
2. A rarely used term for sciatica; also known as: ischioneuralgia.
Pain caused by muscular movement; also, kinesialgia.
Pain in the breast.
Breast pain; also, mastodynia; neuralgia of the breast.
Opium withdrawal pains in an addict.
Very severe pain.
Pain in a limb or limbs; specifically, burning pain in the feet extending up the leg and even to the thigh.
Pain in the lower limbs.
Painful menstruation; also, dysmenorrhea.
Pain in the thigh; specifically, meralgia paresthetica.
Pain in the forefoot in the region of the heads of the metatarsals.
Pain along the course of one nerve.
1. A morbid condition of a muscle, characterized by pain and tenderness; muscular rheumatism.
2. Muscular pain; also, myodynia, myoneuralgia, myosalgia.
The prevalence of pain disorder is twice as high in women as in men; peak of onset is in the fourth and fifth decades.
The most common sites of pain are the low back, head, face, and pelvis. It is estimated that low back pain disables seven million Americans and accounts for more than eight million physician office visits each year.
—Robert J. Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary
Seventh Edition, Oxford University Press, 1996
Man endures pain as an undeserved punishment; woman accepts it as a natural heritage.
Nothing begins, and nothing ends,
That is not paid with moan;
For we are born in others pain,
And perish in our own.
The pain of the mind is worse than the pain of the body.
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