myrmeco-, myrmec-, myrme-, myrmic-, myrmi- (Greek: ant, ants).
Numbat; monogeneric family of small terrestrial marsupial anteaters; tongue long, sticky, and protrusible; marsupium absent.
myrmecochore, myrmecochorous, myrmecochory:
Dispersed by the agency of ants; such as, the dispersal of seeds by ants stimulated by nutritive bodies (elaiosomes) or special seed attractants.
An outwardly "purposeful" category of dispersal is accomplished by plants through myrmecochory, the employment of attractive seed appendages and chemicals that induce the ants to transport the seeds without harming the embryo or endosperm. Myrmecochory is an almost world wide phenomenon.
The Ants by Bert Holldober and Edward O. Wilson
(Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1990), p. 549.
A symbiosis between ant species in which the guest species steals food directly from the host species.
Plant structures inhabited by ants or termites.
1. A reference to a plant that affords shelter to ants.
2. An ant-inhabited cavity in plant tissue.
Pertaining to myrmecology.
One who specializes in the study of ants.
The study of ants.
Living in ant or termite nests.
Anteaters; family of Neotropical insectivorous mammals (Edentata) containing a single terrestrial, and two mainly arboreal, species; head elongate, oral region tubular; teeth absent, tongue elongate, protrusible and sticky; forelimbs powerful with large claws for breaking open nests of ants and termites.
myrmecophagous, myrmecophage, myrmecophagia, myrmecophagy:
Feeding mainly or exclusively on ants or termites.
myrmecophil, myrmecophile, myrmecophily:
1. Thriving in association with ants; used of organisms that spend part of their life cycle in ant or termite nests.
2. Pollinated by ants or termites.
3. Comprising both pollination and myrmecophytism and all the techniques plants use to attract and reward ants.
myrmecophobia, myrmecophobic, myrmecophobe, myrmecophoby:
1. A reference to organisms that repel ants or termites.
2. Certain plants equipped with glands, hairs, etc. that check ants.
A plant that has specialized structures for sheltering ants or termites, or having a mutual interdependence with ants or termites.
Some specialized plant-dwelling ants protect their myrmecophyte hosts not only from herbivores but also from other plants that crowd in too closely. Some worker ants attack and destroy any foreign plant that sprouts within 40 centimeters of the trunk of the acacia in which they live, and they cut back vines and foliage of neighboring trees that touch the acacia crown. This pruning action has the effect of promoting the growth and survival of the host plant, but it also removes bridges over which alien ants can attack the resident colony.
(Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1990), p. 553.
A symbiosis between an ant and its host plant.
1. The transport of soil, litter, and other nutrient-bearing materials by ants that results in the feeding of the plant hosts.
2. Pertaining to plants and animals that provide food for ants.
A reference of plants that provide both food and shelter for ants and termites.
Ant lions; family containing about 600 species of generally nocturnal flying, neuropteran insects often with a long abdomen and highly patterned wings; larvae typically lie in wait for prey insects, some constructing conical pitfall traps.