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pali-; palim-, palin- (Greek: recurrence, repetitious; back, backward, again; returning, repeating).

Characterized by or involving backward motion, especially of the lower jaw in mastication.
palicinesia, palikinesia:
Involuntary repetition of movements.
Pathologic repetition of letters, words, or parts of words in writing.
In neurology, involuntary pathological repetition of the same movement.
A speech disorder characterized by repetition of words, phrases, or sentences with increasing rapidity.
A repetition of words.
palilogy, palilogia, palillogia, palillogy:
The repetition of a word or phrase, especially in immediate succession, for the sake of emphasis.
A metrical foot consisting of two long and one short syllable.
palimpsest, palimpsestic:
A parchment from which the earlier writing has been removed to make room for the next.
Moving backward.
palindrome, a word, verse, or sentence that reads exactly the same backward as forward.

The best known palindrome is probably the remark Napoleon supposedly made when he was banished to the island of Elba after his removal as emperor of France: "Able was I ere I saw Elba." Of course there is also:

"Sore was I ere I saw Eros" and "Live was I ere I saw evil".

There was a special palindrome that was created for Time magazine: "Live on, Time, emit no evil."

A Latin palindrome has a sentence that not only reads backward but also has each word that reads backward: "Sator arepo tenet opera rotas." It is translated as, "Sator [a man's name] holds the handles of the plow in plowing." In addition, the first letter of each word spells the first word, Sator, the second letter of each word spells the second, arepo, and so on through the sentence, and this is also true when you do it backwards.

Other palindromes include:

Madam, I'm Adam.

Madam, in Eden I'm Adam!

When Adam asked Eve who she was, she might have responded with the palindrome: "Eve, mad Adam, Eve!"

A man, a plan, a canal, Panama! (Written by English author Leigh Mercer who is said to have written it for Ferdinand de Lesseps, the man who began construction on the Panama Canal).

Was it a cat I saw?

No, miss, it's Simon.

Step on no pets.

Draw pupil's lip upward.

Doc, note, I dissent. A fast never prevents a fatness. I diet on cod.

Dog as a devil deified

Deified lived as a god.

So patient a doctor to doctor a patient so.

Girl, bathing on Bikini, eyeing boy, finds boy eyeing bikini on bathing-girl.

You can cage a swallow, can't you, but you can't swallow a cage, can you?

Bores are people that say that people are bores.

Women understand men; few men understand women.

The famous palindrome, "NOON" when capitalized is viewed the same backward, forward, and upside down.

Pa's a sap.

Ma is a nun, as I am.

Live not on evil.

He lived as a devil, eh?

Won't lovers revolt now?

Ma is as selfless as I am.

A dog! A panic in a pagoda!

Was it a bar or a bat I saw?

Was it a car or a cat I saw?

Draw putrid dirt upward.

Do nine men interpret? Nine men, I nod.

"Reviled did I live," said I, as evil I did deliver.

Lew, Otto has a hot towel.

Niagara, O roar again!

A relapse or recurrence of a disease.
1. Of the nature of a palindrome.
2. More widely (especially in mathematics and music), having a structure or composition that reads the same in both directions.
3. In medicine, recurring.
In a way that reads the same backwards as forwards.
A writer or inventor of palindromes.
The rapid termination of the anesthetic state and the restoration to consciousness of a person under general anesthesia: it may be induced by the injection of weak hydrochloric acid; now discontinued because it is ineffective and harmful.
palingenesis, palingenesy:
1. Spiritual rebirth by means of baptism.
2. Regeneration, birth over again; revival, re-animation, resuscitation.
3. In medicine, the regeneration or restoration of a lost part.
4. The appearance of ancestral characters in successive generations.
Of or belonging to, or of the nature of palingenesis.
Pathologic repetition of letters, words, or parts of words in writing.
Memory for past events or experiences.
An ode or song in which the author retracts something said in a former poem; hence generally a recantation.
Of the nature of a recantation.
Applied to verse in which two systems of corresponding form, as a strophe and antistrophe, are separated by two others also of corresponding form but different from the former.
The author of a palinode.
Neurosis marked by repetition of an act without purpose.
1. In medicine, the pathologic continuance or recurrence of a visual sensation after the stimulus is gone.
2. Abnormal recurring visual hallucinations.
Neurotic repetition.
palinphrasia, paliphrasia:
In speech, involuntary repetition of words, phrases, or sentences.
palinspastic : Of a map or the like: representing layers of rock as returned to their supposed former positions.

palirrhea, palirrhoea:
1. The recurrence of a mucoid discharge.
2. Regurgitatioin.
Back and forth; denoting a forward and backward movement.